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【翻譯文章】How to Calm Caveman in the Crib

打從心底想要好好增加英文字彙時,我就一直很想借用BLOG的威力

文章是摘取自聯合報2008/02/25之紐約時報英文版


The pediatrician(1) Dr.Harvey Krap's ability to quiet crying babies became the best-selling book "The Happiest Baby on the Block."
兒科醫師哈威卡布能使寶寶停止哭泣的能力,已成為暢銷書---The Happiest Baby on the Block

A DVD version of his book shows fussy(2) babies who are quickly soothed by a combinaiton of tight swadding(3), loud shushing(4) and swinging(5).
此本書的DVD版本透露,藉由緊緊的包裹、大音量的噓聲以及搖晃就能在短時間緩和吵鬧不休的寶寶

Now Dr. Karp, assistant professor of pediatrics(6) at the University of Caliornia, Los Angeles, has truned his attention to the toddler(7) years, that explosive(8) period of development when children learn language, motor skills and problem solving, among other things.

The rapid pace(9) at which these changes occur(10) is astonishing(11), but it can also be overwhelming(12) to little brains. A wailing(13) baby is nothing compared with the defiant(14) behavior and tantrums(15) common among toddlers.

In his latedst book, "The Happiest Toddler on the Block," Dr. Karp tries to teach parents the skills to communicatie with and soothe tantrum-prone(16) children.

Dr. Karp notes that in terms of brain development, a toddler is primitve(17), and emotion-driven(18), instinctive(19) creature that has yet to develp the thinking skill that define modern humans. Logic and persuasion(20) " are meaningless to a Neanderthal(21)," Dr. Karp says.

The challenge for parents is learning how to communicate with the caveman(22) in the crib(23). "All of us get more primitive when we get upset; that's why they call it 'going ape' " Dr. Karp syas. "But toddlers start out permitive, so when they get upset, they go Jurassic(24) on you."

Dr. Karp's method of toddler communication is not for the self-conscious(25). It involves bringing yourself, both mentally and physically, down to a child's level when he or she is upset. The goal is not to give in to a child's demands, but to communicate in "toddler-eye."

This means using short phrases with lots of repetition(26),and reflecting(27) the child's emotions in your tone(28) and facial expressions. And, most awkard, it means repeating the very words the child is using, over and over again.

For instance, a toddler throwing a tantrum over a cookie might wail, "I want it. I want it. I want cookie now."

Often, a parent will adopt a soothing(29) tone saying, "No, honey, you have to wait until after dinner for a cookie."

Such a response will, almost certainly, make matters worse. "It's loving, logical and reasonable," notes Dr. Karp. "And it's infuriating(30) to a tooddler. Now they have to say it over harder and louder to get you to understand."

Dr. Karp adopts a soothing, childlike voice to demonstrate(31) how to respond to the toddler's cookie demands.

"You want. You want. You want cookie. You say, 'Cookie, now. Cookie, now.' "

On his DVD, Dr. Karp demonstrateds the method. Within seconds, teary-eyed(32) toddlers calm and look at him quizzically(33) as he repeats their concerns back at them. Once the child has calmed, a parent can explain the reason for saying no, offer the child comfort and a happy alternative(34) to the original demand.

Dr. Karp also offers methods for teaching children patience, and he suggests regularly giving children small victories---like winning at a game of wrestling(35). "If you give them thiese little victories all day long, when you want them to do something for you, they're much more likely to do it."
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